A Globe valve is a type of valve used for regulating flow in a pipeline, consisting of a movable disk-type element and a stationary ring seat in a generally spherical body.
Globe Valve are probably the most common valves in existence. The globe valve derives is name from the globular shape of the valve body. They are widely used in industry to regulate fluid flow in both on/off and throttling service. Globe valves consist of the following moving parts - the disk, the valve stem, and the hand-wheel. The stem connects the hand-wheel and the disk. It is threaded and fits into the threads in the valve bonnet. The location of the valve disk in relation to the valve seat allows or restricts flow.
The direction of fluid flow through the valve changes several times, which increases the pressure drop across the valve. In most cases, globe valves are installed with the stem vertical and the higher-pressure fluid stream connected to the pipe side above the disk, which helps to maintain a tight seal when the valve is fully closed.
Globe valves provide the following advantages: they offer precise throttling and control and have high-pressure limits. Conversely, they offer a low coefficient of flow and are not good selections in applications that require cleanliness or sterility.